The Turkish prime minister also explained in the Hürriyet interview, in relation to the April 2013 Gaza visit, "We will monitor the situation to see if the promises are kept or not.
 As early as the 1930s revolts in Palestine, Arab forces fought each other while also skirmishing with Zionist and British forces, and internal conflicts continue to the present day. This region is home to two million Palestinians.
At the time, they owned 94 percent of historic Palestine and comprised 67 percent of the population.
annex huge parts of the occupied West Bank and give Palestinians control of only 15 percent of historical Palestine. Netanyahu’s July 1 expected annexation of the Jordan Valley is significant for a number of reasons: 1. To understand what annexation will look like on the ground and how we got here, Al Jazeera has compiled a collection of historic and present-day maps for you to explore. These attacks prompted Israeli The most common arguments for opposition are: Throughout the conflict, Palestinian violence has been a concern for Israelis. According to the IDF, since the erection of the fence, terrorist acts have declined by approximately 90%.. However, Israel disputes this; several scholars and commentators disagree with the assessment that settlements are illegal, citing in 2005 recent historical trends to back up their argument. In 1978, Egypt and Israel signed a peace treaty which led to Israel withdrawing from the Egypian territory. of Texas, Austin), Pew Global Research – worldwide public opinion, Policy publications on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict at the Berman Jewish Policy Archive, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Israeli–Palestinian_conflict&oldid=980682947, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. , The peace process has been predicated on a "two-state solution" thus far, but questions have been raised towards both sides' resolve to end the dispute.
", According to Oxfam, because of an import-export ban imposed on Gaza in 2007, 95% of Gaza's industrial operations were suspended. '", "Over 600 Palestinians killed in internal clashes since 2006. " Stein and Richter claim the high male/female ratios among Palestinians, including those in their mid-to-late teens, "suggests that the IDF classifications are combatant and non-combatant status are probably far more accurate than those of B’Tselem. World By February 2009, a ceasefire was signed with international mediation between the parties, though the occupation and small and sporadic eruptions of violence continued.. Unlike the Road Map for Peace, it spelled out "final-solution" borders based explicitly on the UN borders established before the 1967 Six-Day War. In 1974, a UN observer force was created to maintain a ceasefire between Israel and Syria. The current map of Palestine is often described as resembling “Swiss cheese”. ", "World Bank report: PA economy needs more private investment. , In Gaza, the agricultural market suffers from economic boycotts and border closures and restrictions placed by Israel. , The Arab Peace Initiative of 2002 declared that it proposed the compromise of a "just resolution" of the refugee problem.
 The UN Mine Action Centre identified the main risks as coming from "ERW left behind by Israeli aerial and artillery weapon systems, or from militant caches targeted by the Israeli forces. up to another people is an insult to God and a sin. many Jews from around the world to move to Palestine to reclaim their  Palestinians claim any reduction of this claim is a severe deprivation of their rights.
 In Israeli usage, the term also covers failures to mention Israel's culture and history in Palestinian textbooks. Palestine during the 1948-1949 Arab-Israeli " However, Obama has since declared that the United States will no longer press Israel to stop West Bank settlement construction as a precondition for continued peace-process negotiations with the Palestinian Authority..
At Camp David, for example, then-Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak offered Arafat an opportunity to establish a non-militarized Palestinian State. Perpetrators of murderous attacks, whether against Israelis or Palestinians, often find strong vocal support from sections of their communities despite varying levels of condemnation from politicians. The United States prepared its own plan to resolve the outstanding issues. All residents of Jewish settlements in the Gaza strip were evacuated, and all residential buildings were demolished. As part of the plan, he presented a conceptual map that would allow Israel to annex huge parts of the occupied West Bank and give Palestinians control of only 15 percent of historical Palestine. " The issue of Israeli settlements in the West Bank and, until 2005, the Gaza Strip, have been described by the UK and the WEU as an obstacle to the peace process. ", "From 'Occupied Territories' to 'Disputed Territories,' by Dore Gold. Despite being outside of Israel proper, these settlers are granted Israeli citizenship and receive government subsidies that significantly lower their cost of living.
", "Targeted Killings: Evaluating the Effectiveness of a Counterterrorism Policy", "B'Tselem: 773 of Palestinians killed in Cast Lead were civilians. However, in 2014, a Palestinian Unity Government, composed of both Fatah and Hamas, was formed. In 1964, however, a new organization, the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), was established by Yasser Arafat. This is to enable Israel to control the entry into the territories of materials of military significance and of potentially dangerous persons.
The initial results for Israel were successful.  After internal Palestinian political struggle between Fatah and Hamas erupted into the Battle of Gaza (2007), Hamas took full control of the area. [unreliable source?].  Palestinian fatalities during the 1982 Lebanon War were 2,000 PLO combatants killed in armed conflict with Israel. ", "General Progress Report and Supplementary Report of the United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine, Covering the Period from 11 December 1949 to 23 October 1950", "Papers reveal how Palestinian leaders gave up fight over refugees", "Mahmoud Abbas: Right to return quote was 'personal view", "Frequently Asked Questions About Israel;" "Who is Responsible for the Palestinian refugee problem? Cuts off water and agricultural resources. The peace process also had significant opposition among radical Islamic elements of Palestinian society, such as Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad, who immediately initiated a campaign of attacks targeting Israelis. Instead, Israel retains total control over all matters, including security, planning and construction. ", "Remarks by the President at Cairo University, 6–04–09.  In return, it was agreed that Palestinians would promote peaceful co-existence, renounce violence and promote recognition of Israel among their own people. and the reluctance to give in to the other side.
", "President Obama, West Bank Settlement Expansion and the Peace Process", "Court extends remand of Israelis aboard Gaza ship", "Position paper on the naval blockade on Gaza. These checkpoints further limit Palestinian movement. , The Israeli negotiation team presented a new map at the Taba Summit in Taba, Egypt in January 2001. On the Jewish side, the civil war was managed by the major underground militias – the Haganah, Irgun and Lehi, strengthened by numerous Jewish veterans of World War II and foreign volunteers. ancient "homeland" of Israel. In 2019 The US recognised Israel’s annexation of the Golan heights.
In 1967, Israel captured 70 percent of the Syrian Golan Heights and has occupied it ever since. Israeli settlers in the Jordan Valley receive 18 times more water on average than Palestinian residents in the West Bank.
", "Israel's Position Regarding the Current Political Situation. The Palestinian refugee issue is handled by a separate authority from that handling other refugees, that is, by, Concerning the origin of the Palestinian refugees, the official version of the Israeli government is that during the 1948 War the. " In a further interview Abbas stated that he no longer had an automatic right to return to Safed in the northern Galilee where he was born in 1935. ", "'What Happened to Secure Borders for Israel?
In Palestine, agriculture is a mainstay in the economy.
During the late 1960s, the PLO became increasingly infamous for its use of international terror. ", "B'Tselem: Since 2000, 7,454 Israelis, Palestinians killed.  The violence, escalating into an open conflict between the Palestinian National Security Forces and the Israel Defense Forces, lasted until 2004/2005 and led to approximately 130 fatalities. " One of the main compromise plans put forth by the Clinton Administration would have allowed Israel to keep some settlements in the West Bank, especially those which were in large blocs near the pre-1967 borders of Israel. became the dominant ethnic group. ", Palestinian refugees are people who lost both their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab–Israeli conflict and the 1967 Six-Day War. The At the heart of this conflict is a
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